‘An expression of identity?’

FROM:- Tommy O’Connor (Sinn Fein)

Driving around the Craigavon Council District you cannot fail but to be aware of the proliferation of flags on display and it makes me wonder what tourists make of this practice. This is not a phenomenon restricted to one tradition but it does seem that unionists are more preoccupied with the display of flags than are nationalists.

As a republican I disagree with Irish National Flags being flown from every lamppost, invariably until they become worn and tattered from the elements. It shows little regard for the significance and symbolism of the Green, White and Orange. I can understand the motivation in the context of oppression and discrimination why nationalists would raise the flag as an act of defiance against such practices but the flying of the Tricolour was primarily a celebration of a national identity that had been hitherto suppressed.

As republican and nationalist confidence grew, then imaginative projects emerged in many areas to limit flying of the National Flag to specific times of commemoration and celebration.

While able to claim some insight into the republican psyche I cannot understand the extremes to which unionists go in displaying flags. It’s not just one flag on every available lamppost but three and four to a lamppost! There are Union Jacks, UDA, UVF, UFF, RHC and every other combination of the alphabet imaginable as well as the self-proclaimed ‘Ulster flag’. There are even Scottish and Israeli flags! Nor do unionists restrict their proclivity for flag waving to interface areas but these flags appear on every main thoroughfare proximate to unionist areas. Within overwhelmingly unionist districts it is not only lampposts that are the festooned with an array of flags but gardens, community buildings, halls and even business premises! How sad is that?

The unionist obsession with flags perplexes me. Could it be that unionists suffer from an identity crisis of paranoid proportions? Is it insecurity about national identity? Perhaps some unionists are unable to cope with the fact that despite their attempts to create an alternative ‘national’ identity unionists nevertheless are seen throughout Britain and the world as Irish. Could it be that this identity crisis manifests itself in an ostentatious display of Britishness in the hope that it will persuade a British government not to abandon them at some time in the future? Are unionists so lacking in confidence about the future of ‘the Union’ that the flying of flags from every available lamppost provides them with a form of comfort blanket? Is the fear of sharing power with republicans on the basis of equality another manifestation of this identity crisis?

I believe that this identity crisis was borne out of the state of isolationism in which unionism existed since the Partition of Ireland. Unionists could not and did not, relate to their nationalist co-inhabitants of the island of Ireland. At the same time unionists never fully trusted the British government on which unionism depended. Consequently, I believe that until unionists reconcile with the rest of the people of Ireland they will continue to suffer from such insecurity and lack of identity.